AWS services and tools for Machine Learning.

Farida Aliyeva
7 min readJun 26, 2023
AWS Machine Learning.

This blogpost is going to cover both trending topics for today: AWS and Machine Learning. Being the most popular public cloud service provider, Amazon Web Services, offers a variety of cloud services and technologies. Along with its other competitors, AWS has been a leader in the machine learning industry. However, one of the key features that provide AWS a competitive advantage is the efficacy of its machine learning capabilities. The following article will focus on some of AWS’s most noteworthy machine learning technologies. Additionally, having this knowledge will aid you in getting the AWS Machine Learning certification.

The main goal of the AWS machine learning tools is to assist customers in overcoming significant obstacles that prevent developers from utilizing machine learning’s full potential. To address applications of forecasting, computer vision, recommendations, and language processing, users could choose pre-trained AI services. On the other side, AWS also offers tools for more scalable, quicker machine learning model construction, training, and deployment. Additionally, users benefit from the ability to create unique models while preserving compatibility with important open-source frameworks. The fact that AWS machine learning tools are built on a very robust cloud infrastructure is definitely the main strengths of the system. Therefore, the capability of high-performance compute and a lack of drawbacks in security and analytics makes AWS suitable for machine learning.

Once we understand it’s value let’s dive deep into the tools and services it provides. The development and application of machine learning models is made easier by these services and let’s have a look at some of them.
1. Amazon SageMaker
2. Amazon Lex
3. Amazon Textract
4. Amazon Comprehend
5. Amazon Rekognition
6. Amazon Elastic Inference
7. Amazon Transcribe
8. Amazon Translate
9. Amazon Polly
10. Amazon CodeGuru
11. Amazon Forecast

Amazon SageMaker

Data scientists and developers may ensure faster and easier creation, training, and deployment of machine learning models at various scales with the aid of Amazon SageMaker, a fully-managed platform. By taking away the complexity, Amazon SageMaker enables developers to fully comprehend and take use of all machine learning phases. It provides Jupyter notebook instances for experimentation and development with MXNet and TensorFlow built-in. Amazon SageMaker is one of the most adaptable machine learning tools on AWS because to its modular nature. The various modules can be used jointly or separately to create, train, and deploy machine learning models.

Amazon LEX

LEX is a service for creating voice- and text-based conversational user interfaces for any application. In order to convert speech to text, Lex provides automatic speech recognition (ASR) functionality that is based on advanced deep learning. It also offers natural language understanding capabilities for figuring out a text’s intent. As a result, it can make it possible to create apps with incredibly engaging user interfaces and conversational exchanges that are nearly real. Access to speech recognition and natural language comprehension is made easier by Amazon Lex.

Amazon Textract

Amazon Textract is a service that extracts text and data automatically from scanned documents. Its abilities go beyond a trivial OCR as it helps to identify content of text and information from tables. For the extraction of data from documents, Textract tackles the issues with cumbersome and expensive manual data input operations. Additionally, it enables quicker automation of document workflows, guaranteeing that you can process a large number of documents in a short period of time. You can act on the information once it has been captured. With Textract, users can also develop intelligent search indexes and automated approval workflows. It also offers better adherence to document archival regulations.

Amazon Transcribe

Customers can easily convert speech to text automatically using Amazon Transcribe, an automatic speech recognition (ASR) service. With time stamps for each word, the service can transcribe audio files saved in popular file types like WAV and MP3 so that you can quickly find the audio in the original source by searching for the text. Additionally, you may stream live audio to Amazon Transcribe and instantly get a stream of transcripts in return. Customers have a range of business uses for Amazon Transcribe, including the transcription of voice-based customer care conversations, the creation of subtitles for audio and video content, and doing (text-based) content analysis on audio and video information.

Amazon Transcribe has extensions which are Amazon Transcribe Medical (uses advanced ML models to accurately transcribe medical speech into text) and Amazon Transcribe Call Analytics (AI-powered API that provides call transcripts and conversation insights).

Amazon Translate

One of the effective AWS machine learning products with the greatest machine learning benefit for users is Amazon Translate. It is a neural machine translation tool for more rapid, cost-effective, and precise language translation. For overseas consumers, Amazon Translate assists with localizing information such as applications and websites. Large amounts of text can be translated more easily and effectively thanks to its main functionalities.

Amazon Polly

Amazon Polly converts text into realistic speech. You may construct entirely new categories of speech-enabled goods thanks to Amazon Polly, which enables you to create applications that talk. An Amazon artificial intelligence (AI) service called Amazon Polly creates speech that mimics human speech using cutting-edge deep learning algorithms. The consistent quick response times needed to support real-time, interactive discourse are provided by Amazon Polly. Amazon Polly voice audio can be cached and saved for later offline listening or redistribution. Along with Standard TTS voices, Amazon Polly now provides Neural Text-to-Speech (NTTS) voices, which use new machine learning techniques to bring advanced improvements in speech quality.

Amazon Comprehend

Amazon Comprehend is a machine learning-based NLP tool for identifying patterns and connections between different textual properties. Machine learning is used by Amazon Comprehend to unearth novel relationships and insights in the accessible unstructured data. It can recognize the language used in a text and extract important words, phrases, and details about people, locations, and things. Tokenization and parts of speech are used by Amazon Comprehend to analyze text and automatically categorize a collection of text files.

Amazon Rekognition

A service called Amazon Rekognition aids in giving various applications the ability to perform picture analysis. Recognization can assist in identifying specific photos’ objects, faces, and scenes. It can also be useful for looking up and contrasting faces. With the help of its API, applications may quickly integrate sophisticated deep-learning-based visual search and image classification features. It makes use of deep neural network models to detect and label a variety of photos’ scenes and objects.

Amazon Elastic Inference

Amazon Elastic Inference is an amazing tool that by combining low-cost GPU-based acceleration with Amazon SageMaker and EC2 instances, can reduce the cost of conducting deep learning inference by roughly 75%. Users can choose the instance type most suited for an application’s overall CPU and memory needs. Additionally, you may set the level of inference acceleration for better resource management and lower inference costs.

Amazon CodeGuru

A developer tool called Amazon CodeGuru makes informed suggestions to raise the caliber of code. During the development of applications, Amazon CodeGuru Reviewer employs ML and automated reasoning to uncover key problems, security holes, and elusive bugs and offers suggestions to enhance code quality. By assisting developers in comprehending the behavior of their applications during runtime, identifying and eliminating code inefficiencies, enhancing performance, and drastically lowering compute costs, Amazon CodeGuru Profiler enables them to locate the most expensive lines of code in an application.

Amazon Forecast

Another great initiative by AWS — Amazon Forecast is a fully managed service that utilizes ML to produce forecasts that are extremely accurate. For example predicting the price change of a particular product. To create forecasts, it combines time series data with extra variables using machine learning (ML). Starting with Amazon Forecast doesn’t require any prior ML knowledge. You simply need to include past data, along with any extra information you think might affect your forecasts. Since it is a fully managed service, there is no need to create, train, or deploy ML models or provision servers.

Deep Learning AMI’s

In order to accelerate deep learning in the cloud, AWS Deep Learning AMIs (DLAMI) offers ML practitioners and academics a selected and secure set of frameworks, dependencies, and tools. TensorFlow, PyTorch, Apache MXNet, Chainer, Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit (CNTK), Gluon, Horovod, and Keras are preconfigured in Amazon Machine Images (AMIs), which were created for Amazon Linux and Ubuntu and let you quickly deploy and use these frameworks and tools at scale.

Overview

Overview of AWS services.

The demand for businesses with AI integration is increasing daily, but the level of expertise needed to build services from the bottom up is scarce. Even if you don’t have a qualified team, AWS offers extensive AI/ML capabilities that can be quickly integrated into any application. Utilizing some AWS’s pre-trained services would save time compared to creating an AI service from scratch to address business demands.

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Farida Aliyeva

Data Scientist at SDH | MS Graduate in Computer Science and Data Analytics